The Bridge in Aita Mare, a monarchical heritage
If you travel through Aita Mare, you may only notice that you cross an iron bridge, which is not at all typical for the construction of Szekler villages. The bridge, built in 1901, is also a technical curiosity since the main element of the load-bearing construction is the lattice girder along the two longitudinal edges of the bridge. The Austrian designer’s choice may be explained by the fact that this type of lattice girder was considered to be the most economical load-bearing structure in terms of the use of materials.
The bridge in Aita Mare, built during the Austro-Hungarian Empire, expired just over ten years ago. The Viennese company that built the building, warned the local authorities about this, as well as about their 100-year warranty commitment from the beginning of the last century – and also that they would no longer be responsible for the maintenance of the bridge. They have, of course, offered to continue to look after it under new contract conditions.
Similar in construction to the bridge in Aita Mare are the bridge in Vârghiș and the late Olt Bridge in Sfântu Gheorghe, the latter having been demolished in the 1980s when it no longer met the increased traffic requirements. The iron bridge in Aita Mare is still standing after more than a century – as a monument of industrial history and part of our cultural heritage.